The most valuable living creatures of our planet are perhaps small crustaceans, including shrimp. Their closest enemies are cod and herring. Nearly $ 1 billion worth of fresh and frozen shrimp are exported from developing countries each year. The United States estimates an annual catch of shrimp worth more than $ 200 million. The annual world export of herring and cod is well over $ 700 million, each of these species. If we take into account the consumption of herring and cod by local residents, each of these species annually gives more than $ 1 billion in profit. It turns out that these inhabitants of the sea are more valuable than ivory and furs. From here it is clear what interest they represent for big business. There are no data characterizing the domestic trade in fish and fish products for various countries, but it is also clear from export indicators that trade in “seafood” has reached impressive proportions and is expanding rapidly. In 1978, their exports amounted to almost $ 11 billion, and grew by 15% compared with the previous year. Each of the 19 countries, including six developing countries (Mexico, Peru, India, Thailand, Indonesia and South Korea), annually receive 100 or more million dollars from fish exports. Norway, Canada and Denmark each year receive more than $ 600 million, each from the export of marine products. The share of foreign exchange earnings from the export of these products in each of the fourteen developing countries, as well as in Iceland, Norway and Denmark amounted to more than 3% of their total exports, in Peru, Senegal and the Solomon Islands — 10% or more, and in Iceland - 78 % The life of the sea seems to the city dweller as the last link connecting it with the most ancient ways of obtaining food - hunting and gathering. For more than 99% of the time in its history, mankind has existed thanks to these very methods. Today in any restaurant in the world you can get cod in the form of fish sticks, stingrays and flounders, which are served in England with fried potatoes, herring, so beloved in Scandinavia, sashimi - a favorite dish of the Japanese, crabs - the legitimate pride of the inhabitants of the US states of Maryland and Virginia finally, shrimp as part of various snacks. All this is still in the oceans. But while fishing equipment may have reached the level of the space age, mining technology has clearly stood still at the Stone Age.

Fish and other inhabitants of the sea - the last major biological resource, which is still exploited by ancient methods. If the breeding of freshwater fish, especially trout and carp, is well established, then the breeding of marine fish on an industrial basis is still in infancy. As a rule, mariculture (as marine fish farming is sometimes called) is by no means farming, but the help that people provide to the inhabitants of the sea at critical stages of their existence, or providing them with a larger than usual habitat with favorable conditions. On average, fish and other “seafood” produce about 6% of the total protein and 17% of the animal protein consumed by humans. For comparison, recall that the majority (65%) of the world's protein comes from plants, mainly from cereals, beans and peas, nuts and oilseeds. Meat gives 16%, and dairy products - 9.5% of the protein consumed by an average person. Behind these averages are significant differences in protein intake, both between individual countries and within countries. 32 countries receive 34% or more of animal protein from seafood, and 11 other countries consume “seafood” twice the global average. All major countries - consumers of marine food products (calculated by per capita consumption and by share in diet, and not by gross consumption of these products) are located in the tropical zone. They are found mainly in Southeast Asia, in the western part of the central Pacific, in West Africa and the Caribbean. The exceptions are Japan, North Korea and South Korea, Portugal, Spain, Iceland, Denmark and Norway. Currently, the main fishing countries include not only industrialized countries located in the richer northern hemisphere, but also many developing countries. International statistics somewhat distort the overall picture. Many social groups in countries that are not generally large consumers of fish, nevertheless, are heavily dependent on the "seafood" they need either as food, or as a source of income, or both. No less, if not more, the traditional and aesthetic meaning of “seafood” is important. Perhaps no dish symbolizes luxury better than caviar. Download stickam videos here